The XY sex-determination system is a sex-determination system used to classify many mammals , including humans , some insects Drosophila , some snakes, some fish guppies , and some plants Ginkgo tree. In this system, the sex of an individual is determined by a pair of sex chromosomes. Females typically have two of the same kind of sex chromosome XX , and are called the homogametic sex. Males typically have two different kinds of sex chromosomes XY , and are called the heterogametic sex. In humans, the presence of the Y chromosome is responsible for triggering male development; in the absence of the Y chromosome, the fetus will undergo female development.
XY sex-determination system - Wikipedia
XY sex-determination system
Humans are born with 46 chromosomes in 23 pairs. Most women are 46XX and most men are 46XY. Research suggests, however, that in a few births per thousand some individuals will be born with a single sex chromosome 45X or 45Y sex monosomies and some with three or more sex chromosomes 47XXX, 47XYY or 47XXY, etc. In addition, some males are born 46XX due to the translocation of a tiny section of the sex determining region of the Y chromosome.